Guba is located on the north-eastern flanks of hills of the Shahdag mountain belonging to the Greater Caucasus mountains at the altitude of 600 m above sea level on the bank of Gudial river at the distance of 168 km from Baku.There is a mountainous Griz village at the territory of this district which located at the altitude of 2170 meters above sea level.
The population of the village is a separate ethnographic group with its only language which no one else in the world speaks. It is a small ethnic group living in the northern zone of Azerbaijan, in the villages of Guba and Khachmaz regions. They speak in gryz language belonging to Nakh-Dagestan language family, Lezgin language group. There are only 35 home in the Griz village. There is a large ancient cemetery in Griz, which proves that the village’s history is very old. Not far from Griz is located one more distinctive mountainous village Khinalig.